how to invest in share market

Investing in the share market can seem like a daunting task for beginners, but it can be a great way to grow your wealth over time. With the right knowledge and strategy, investing in the share market can provide excellent returns on your investment. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to invest in the share market.

Step 1: Understand the Share Market

Before investing in the share market, it is essential to understand how it works. The share market is a place where publicly listed companies issue shares to the public in exchange for capital. The shares represent a portion of ownership in the company, and investors buy and sell them based on the company’s performance and the market’s supply and demand.

There are two primary share markets in India – National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). These markets operate during specific hours and days of the week, and share prices fluctuate in real-time.

Step 2: Set Investment Goals

Before investing, it is essential to set clear investment goals. You need to identify the reasons for investing and the amount you want to invest. Your investment goals may include building wealth, saving for retirement, or achieving financial independence.

Once you have set your investment goals, you can determine your investment time horizon, which is the length of time you plan to invest your money. This will help you decide on the right investment strategy.

Step 3: Determine Your Risk Tolerance

Every investor has a different risk tolerance level. It is the amount of risk an investor is willing to take in pursuit of higher returns. Generally, higher returns come with higher risk. Therefore, it is crucial to determine your risk tolerance level before investing in the share market.

There are various tools available online to assess your risk tolerance level. These tools consider your age, income, investment experience, and investment goals to determine your risk tolerance.

Step 4: Choose the Right Investment Strategy

Once you have determined your investment goals and risk tolerance, you can select the right investment strategy. There are two primary investment strategies – active and passive.

Active investment strategy involves choosing individual stocks and trying to outperform the market by buying and selling stocks regularly. This strategy requires significant research and analysis of market trends and individual company performance.

Passive investment strategy, on the other hand, involves investing in index funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the performance of a specific market index. This strategy requires less research and is ideal for investors who do not have the time or expertise to pick individual stocks.

Step 5: Choose the Right Brokerage Account

To invest in the share market, you need to open a brokerage account with a registered broker. A broker is a financial institution that facilitates buying and selling of shares on behalf of investors. When choosing a broker, consider factors such as brokerage fees, trading platform, research tools, and customer service.

It is important to note that some brokers may require a minimum investment amount to open an account, so make sure you check the requirements before choosing a broker.

Step 6: Research and Select Stocks

If you have chosen an active investment strategy, you will need to research and select individual stocks to invest in. To select the right stocks, you need to consider factors such as company performance, financial statements, management quality, industry trends, and market conditions.

There are various research tools available online, such as financial news websites, stock screeners, and stock market analysis platforms. It is important to do thorough research before investing in any stock.

Step 7: Place Your Order

Once you have selected the stocks to invest in, you need to place your order through your brokerage account. There are two primary types of orders – market order and limit order.

A market order is an order to buy or sell a stock at the current market price. This type of order guarantees execution but does not guarantee the price at which the order will be filled.

A limit order is an order to buy or sell a stock at a specified price or better. This type of order allows you to set a maximum or minimum price for the transaction and provides more control over the execution price.

Step 8: Monitor Your Investments

Once you have invested in the share market, it is important to monitor your investments regularly. Keep an eye on the performance of your portfolio, track market trends, and be aware of any news or events that may affect your investments.

You should also periodically review your investment goals, risk tolerance, and investment strategy to ensure that your investments align with your objectives.


Investing in the share market can be a lucrative way to grow your wealth over time. However, it is important to understand the share market, set clear investment goals, determine your risk tolerance, choose the right investment strategy, select the right brokerage account, research and select stocks, place your order, and monitor your investments regularly.

By following these steps and investing in a disciplined and patient manner, you can build a successful investment portfolio in the share market. Remember, investing always involves some level of risk, so it is crucial to do thorough research and seek professional advice before making any investment decisions.

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