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If there is a bacterial infection in the vagina, then the risk of sexually transmitted diseases may increase.


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Like other parts of the body, cleanliness of the vagina is also necessary. For this it is most important to keep it bacteria free. Bacteria cause many diseases. Actually these are the bacteria, which can also invite sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is important to be free of bacterial infection or bacterial vaginosis to prevent and reduce the risk of STDs. According to the World Health Organization, bacterial infections may cause STDs or STIs. That’s why it is necessary to protect it.

How bacterial infection increases the risk of STD

According to the World Health Organization, more than 30 different bacteria, viruses, and parasites can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex. STDs or STIs are usually spread through sexual contact. Bacteria, viruses or parasites cause sexually transmitted diseases. They pass from person to person through blood, sperm, or vaginal fluids. Some STIs can also be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Eight pathogens have been identified as the highest risk STIs. Of these, 4 can be treated. Syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis can be treated. Other 4 viral infections are not curable. Hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus (HSV), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV) cannot be treated.
Apart from these, monkeypox, Shigella sonnei, Neisseria meningitidis, Ebola and Zika can also cause STIs.

What do the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO) say?

According to the World Health Organization, STIs have a profound impact on sexual and reproductive health around the world. More than 1 million are affected by STIs every day. In 2020, the organization projected 374 million new infections, with 1 in 4 being an STI. In this, the probability of suffering from chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis was estimated. An estimated 300 million women have HPV infection. became the primary cause of cervical cancer and anal cancer among women who have sex with men.

Sexually transmitted disease increases the risk of other diseases

Bacterial infections can increase the risk of STIs, such as herpes, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Transmission of STIs from mother to child can also result in low birth weight, prematurity, sepsis, eye problems in the newborn, and congenital malformations.

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Tight vagina can be caused by some infections in the intimate area. Image: shutterstock

Also, the risk of having a dead child also increases. HPV infection causes cervical and other cancers.

STI prevention

Condoms provide the most effective way of protecting against STIs, including HIV. However some condoms may not provide protection against STIs. Safe and highly effective vaccines are available for viral STIs: hepatitis B and HPV. These vaccines have played a major role in STI prevention.

How can be treated

There are currently effective treatments available for many STIs. Three bacterial (chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis) and one parasitic STI (trichomoniasis) can usually be cured with antibiotics.
The most effective drugs available for herpes and HIV are antivirals, Which can reduce the effect of the disease.

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Trichomoniasis can usually be cured with antibiotics. Image: shutterstock

Disease cannot be cured. Antivirals for hepatitis B can help fight the virus and slow liver damage.

Read this also :-Cold weather can also make your vagina dry and smelly, know how to protect

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