India is all set to celebrate 75th Independence Day on 15th August this year with the theme “Nation First, Always First”. Government of India on the occasion of 75 years of independence nectar festival of freedom Celebrating the program which is dedicated to the Indian people.
Our country India was under British rule from 1858 to 1947. The British East India Company controlled India from 1757 to 1857. On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from 200 years of British colonial control.
The huge struggle and sacrifice of the great freedom fighters of our country ousted the British on 15th August 1947.
There are still a few days left for the 75th Independence Day to come, before that let’s know about some interesting facts related to the independence of India.
Interesting Facts about Independence Day 15 August in Hindi
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1. The first struggle for independence took place in 1857, which is called the very famous Sepoy Mutiny or the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which was led by Mangal Pandey. Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Tatya Tope and Nana Sahib were also involved in this rebellion who led the resistance against the British troops in 1857.
2. India’s freedom movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi, but when the country got independence on 15th August 1947, he was not involved in its celebration because on this day he was busy preventing communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. Were.
3. After that, came the Swadeshi movement in the 1900s. During this, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and NRD Tata established Bombay Swadeshi Co-p Stores Company Limited to promote indigenous goods and boycott foreign goods. Mahatma Gandhi described this as Swaraj (self-government).
4. On every Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the flag at the Red Fort but on 15 August 1947 this did not happen, but on 16 August 1947, the flag was hoisted from the Red Fort.
5. The Indian national flag with three horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green was hoisted on August 7, 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Kolkata. The first version of our present national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1921. The current flag, consisting of saffron, white and green stripes with the 24-spoke Ashoka Chakra, was officially adopted on July 22, 1947, and was hoisted on August 15, 1947.
6. The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee on 8 August 1942, demanding an end to British rule in India Went.
7. India did not have its own official national anthem at the time of independence. In 1911 the name of the song ‘Bharto Bhagya Bidhata’ composed by Rabindranath Tagore was changed to ‘Jana Gana Mana’. It was adopted as the national anthem by the Constituent Assembly of India on 24 January 1950.
8. The boundary line between India and Pakistan, also known as the Radcliffe Line, was demarcated by the British barrister Sir Cyril Radcliffe on August 3, 1947. It was officially published on August 17, 1947, two days after India gained independence from the British.
9. The name India was derived from the river Indus. It testifies to the great Indus Valley Civilization which flourished among the tributaries of the river.
10. India got independence at the stroke of midnight on 15th August, 1947. Korea, Congo, Bahrain and Liechtenstein also share their Independence Day with India on this day.
11. The national song of India ‘Vande Mataram’ composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was part of his novel ‘Anandmath’ written in the 1880s. Vande Mataram was adopted as the national song of India on 24 January 1950.
12. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, unfurled the tricolor at the Red Fort on the midnight of 15 August. In his famous Independence Day speech, he said, “Many years ago, we made an effort with luck and now the time has come when we will save ourselves. At midnight today, when the world is sleeping, India Will wake up to life and freedom.”
These were some interesting facts related to the freedom struggle of our country India, after reading which you must have come to know about the freedom struggle.
You can also know a lot about Independence Day by reading speeches and essays written on Independence Day.
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