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With age, there are changes in all the organs of the body as well as in the brain. Dementia is one of them. Due to this, the person’s ability to think, understand and work gets affected. The memory loss that results from this severely affects a person’s daily life. Although memory loss is not a specific disease, it and many other diseases can lead to dementia. Research conducted at a US university suggests that when the leakage of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain is identified in a dementia patient, brain sagging ie dementia causes can be reduced. Could
What is this new research about dementia?
Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA, conducted an in-depth study on a patient with Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia. He told that till now it has been considered an incurable condition. This affects patients’ behavior and ability to function in daily life. Many patients develop severe cognitive, behavioral and personality changes (dementia causes). Because of this, he has to be admitted to the hospital as well. This research has been published in the journal Alzheimer’s and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions. Research findings may suggest a cure for dementia. If fluid leaks are detected, patients can be cured.
What is Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounds the brain and spinal cord to help protect them from injury. When this fluid starts to leak, the brain can sag. This can cause symptoms of dementia. According to the researcher, brain sagging can be detected through MRI.
It is necessary to detect headache or serious brain disease (Brain Tumor).
It is also important to know about the patient’s history of severe headache. If the patient feels better when lying down or continues to sleep despite getting an adequate night’s sleep, these may be signs of dementia. The patient has been previously diagnosed with a specific encephalopathy. A condition in which brain tissue protrudes into the spinal cord.
Even when brain sagging is detected, it may be difficult to locate the source of the CSF leak later. When fluid leaks through a tear or cyst into the surrounding membrane, it becomes visible only with the help of CT myelogram imaging.
Symptoms of brain sagging can be completely eliminated
Venous fistula can also be the reason for the leakage of CSF. In these cases fluid leaks into the vein. It is difficult to see on a routine CT myelogram. A special CT scan is used to locate these leaks.
In this study, the investigators used this imaging technique on 21 patients with brain sagging and symptoms of dementia. They discovered vein fistulas in nine of those patients. The fistulas of all nine patients were closed surgically. of their brain dysfunction or brain sagging The symptoms were completely gone.
At the end
The remaining 12 participants, whose leaks could not be identified, were treated with conventional treatments. Of these, only three patients Felt relief from symptoms.
However this specialized imaging is not widely available. Therefore, this study suggests the need for more research to improve symptom recognition and cure rates.
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